Female hair loss is known as Telogen effluvium. It causes thinning of hair density rather than bald patches. These are the causes of hair loss in female: Anemia, Stress, anxiety, skin infection, Thyroid hormone, Age , Radiotherapy, medication for birth control, pregnancy, child birth, any gynecological disorder, DHT (Dihydrotestosterone) hormone, Heredity, Poor nutrition ect. Most women who wear their hair tightly pulled up or in very tight braids for long periods of time, the chronic pull on the hair root will eventually work towards killing the follicular system and hair will stop growing in these areas. Most women will notice a diffused hair loss pattern in their mid scalp, but they will retain their hairline. Female’s hair loss usually begins when they reach menopause. Up until that time, the levels of testosterone and Dehydro-Testosterone in their bodies is substantially lower compared to the ones of the female hormones, and those counteract them. When women reach the menopause, the levels of hormones in their bodies drop, and they too become prone to the effect of DHT on hair follicles. The pattern of Female Baldness is different from men. Their hair thins and diffuses throughout the scalp, but mostly there are no bald areas. In rare cases a bald spot may develop at the head.
FPHL has a strong genetic predisposition although the mode of inheritance remains to be determined. There are many genes that contribute to this condition, and these genes could be inherited from either parent, or both. Genetic testing to assess risk of balding is currently not recommended, as it is unreliable.
Currently, it is not clear if androgens (male sex hormones) play a role in FPHL, although androgens have a clear role in male pattern baldness. The majority of women with FPHL have normal levels of androgens in their bloodstream. Due to this uncertain relationship, the term FPHL is preferred to ‘female androgenetic alopecia’.
The role of oestrogen is uncertain. FPHL is more common after the menopause suggesting oestrogens may be stimulatory for hair growth. But laboratory experiments have also suggested oestrogens may suppress hair growth.
Hair thinning is different from that of male pattern baldness. In female pattern baldness :
Itching or skin sores on the scalp are generally NOT seen.
Alopecia in women; Baldness - female; Hair loss in women; Androgenetic alopecia in women
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